Photosynthesis and respiration in white spruce and balsam fir by John Clark

Cover of: Photosynthesis and respiration in white spruce and balsam fir | John Clark

Published by State University, College of Forestry at Syracuse University in Syracuse, N.Y .

Written in English

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  • Photosynthesis,
  • Plants -- Respiration,
  • White spruce,
  • Balsam fir

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJohn Clark.
SeriesTechnical publication / New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University -- no. 85, Technical publication (New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University) -- no. 85
The Physical Object
Pagination72 p. :
Number of Pages72
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19019484M

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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Clark, John. Photosynthesis and respiration in white spruce and balsam fir. Syracuse, N.Y., State University College of Forestry,   Dark respiration and photosynthetic carbon dioxide refixation in purple and green Picea abies cones were investigated from budbreak to cone maturity.

The rate of dark respiration per unit dry weight and CO2 refixation capacity decreased during cone maturation. At the beginning of the growing season, photosynthetic CO2 refixation could reduce the amount of CO2 released by respiration in Cited by:   Abstract.

Photosynthesis in balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) was measured in the field at two locations in New Brunswick, Canada from late winter to late spring in and No photosynthesis was detectable while the soil remained below 0 °C throughout the rooting zone.

In both years, photosynthesis began once soil temperature rose to 0 ° by: Photosynthesis and dark respiration of semihardened black spruce cuttings (Piceamariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) were periodically measured at a range of light intensities at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C.

Abstract. Seasonal dynamics of net-photosynthesis rate and dark respiration rate in the fir spruce (Picea abies) were investigated in order to indicate environmental exposure and to estimate photosynthesis in fir spruce intraseasonal depression of photosynthesis was by: 3.

Pine trees are evergreens, which means they keep their needles year-round. In winter, evergreens are able to continue photosynthesizing (creating food from the sun's energy), which gives them an advantage over plants that lose their leaves.

Water and temperature can both limit tree photosynthesis. Effect of Water Stress on Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Transpiration of Four Abies Species Article in Canadian Journal of Forest Research 3(2) February with 10 Reads.

Weather is an important factor in herbivorous insect outbreaks. An example is the spruce budworm, which feeds preferentially on foliage of white spruce and balsam fir (Abies balsamea).

The caterpillars of this moth do not feed immediately after emergence from the. Understanding how physiological processes involved in net CO 2 exchange acclimate to warmer conditions is fundamental to predict the capacity of tree species to adapt to future climate change.

Benomar et al. use eight young forest plantations established along a gradient of °C in the eastern boreal forest of Canada to examine thermal acclimation of photosynthesis and respiration of seeds.

Shade-tolerant species generally have lower dark respiration rates and hence lower light compensation points (Loach, ; Field, ; Givnish et al., ), and lower light saturation points for photosynthesis than do shade-intolerant leaves of shade-tolerant species also usually contain lower levels of Rubisco, ATP synthase, and electron carrier per unit of leaf surface, which.

Abstract. The change in stem respiration rates with change of temperature was significantly lower in a recently thinned balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) stand than in an unthinned stand.A comparison of respiration measurements made in the morning with those made in the afternoon indicated that there was more variation among afternoon readings and greater responses to changes Cited by: Photosynthesis is an important process that permits plants, including trees, Photosynthesis and respiration in white spruce and balsam fir book use their leaves to trap the sun's energy in the form of sugar.

The leaves then store the resulting sugar in cells in the form of glucose for both immediate and later tree growth. Careful logging around small merchantable stems (CLASS) is a partial cutting treatment that consists of the harvest of 70%–90% of the merchantable volume of an irregular coniferous stand.

In this treatment, regeneration, saplings and small merchantable stems (DBH Cited by: 2. The report contains references on photosynthesis and respiration in co- niferous species and is a supplement to a previous bibliography on the same subject.

To facilitaie the finding of relevant information each paper has been classified according to its content. Introduction. The boreal forest covers a vast land area and its limits are moving further north in many locations (e.g., Suarez et al. ; Lloyd et al. ; Harsch et al.

).It is important to understand the factors limiting the physiology and growth of trees at the Arctic treeline, to predict where and under what circumstances we might expect changes in treeline by: Biology ecosystem.

STUDY. PLAY. What is a Recall. photosynthesis and cell respiration. The interaction between a spruce tree and a hemlock tree, both of which require nitrogen from the soil, is an example of. competition.

Why do the numbers decrease from to 1 as the pyramid rises. To assist with the interpretation of the growth responses of Sitka spruce to environ-ment, and to provide a description of the characteristics of the photosynthetic processes, photosynthesis, respiration, stomatal and mesophyll resistance have been studied in relation to properties of the environment under controlled conditions in a specially.

A technique for measuring in vitro respiration was investigated to understand why rates were higher than those reported in vivo and to elucidate trends within mature Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas‐fir) trees. Extracted increment cores were divided into 3–4 radial depths and a gas chromatograph was used to compare respiration rates radially and vertically within by: Respiration.

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugars. The sugars produced by photosynthesis can be stored, transported throughout the tree, and converted into energy which is used to power all cellular processes.

Respiration occurs when glucose (sugar produced during. Thermal acclimation of needle photosynthesis of two white spruce seed sources tested along a regional climatic gradient Lahcen Benomar1*, Mohammed S.

Lamhamedi2, André Rainville2, Jean Beaulieu1, Steeve Pépin1, Jean Bousquet1, Hank A. Margolis1 1Université Laval 2Direction de la Recherche Forestière, MFFP *[email protected] Twenty years after spacing to × m, year-old mixed stands of balsam fir and white spruce in the Green River watershed, New Brunswick, averaged m 3 /ha.

A spacing study of 3 conifers (white spruce, red pine and jack pine) was established at Moodie, Manitoba, on flat, sandy, nutritionally poor soils with a fresh moisture regime.

Yes. Green plants are defined as autotrophs that feed themselves through photosynthesis. The only plants that are not autotrophs by this definition (and so are heterotrophs) are saprophytic and parasitic plants, which usually have lost their chlor.

Start studying Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. although partial cuts were more beneficial to balsam fir.

The data suggest that short advance regeneration of red spruce and balsam fir can coexist under partial overstory conditions, but balsam fir has physiological characteristics and a capacity for morphological adjustment (SLA) that places it at an advantage when in competition with red spruce.

Net photosynthesis and dark respiration studies were conducted on Atriplex confertifolia (Torr. and Frem.) S. Wats and Ceratoides lanata (Pursh) J.T.

Howell under field and laboratory conditions. These woody species are commonly found in salt desert shrub communities of the Intermountain West. During these investigations, the effects of air temperature, plant moisture stress, soil water Cited by: 5.

The spruce budworm (SBW) defoliates and kills conifer trees, consequently affecting carbon (C) exchanges between the land and atmosphere. Here, we developed a new TRIPLEX-Insect sub-model to quantify the impacts of insect outbreaks on forest C fluxes.

We modeled annual defoliation (AD), cumulative defoliation (CD), and tree mortality. The model was validated against observed and Cited by: 2. APPARENT PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CONIFER LEAVES WITH RESPECT TO AGE OF LEAVES.

EACH VALUE IS AN AVERAGE OF TWO OR MORE MEASUREMENTS. Plant Number of trials Photosynthesis in leaves One year old Two years old Three years old Colorado spruce 2 Austrian pine 4 White fir 4 Western yellow pine 2 White pine 5 Scotch pine 4 mg, CO2/I00 leaves/hr, 0. Low photosynthesis of treeline white spruce is associated with limited soil nitrogen availability in the Western Brooks Range, Alaska Robert W.

McNown1,2 and Patrick F. Sullivan*,1 1Environment and Natural Resources Institute, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AKUSA; and 2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AKUSACited by: Balsam fir is truly a northern species and is an important part of northern mixed forests or boreal forests.

As I’ve already told you, Abies balsamea is an incredibly important wildlife tree. Deer, moose, rabbits, and many species of birds use balsam fir stands for thermal cover because the dense foliage cuts down on wind and insulates the area. The Biology of Balsam Balsam fir is a short-lived, cold climate tree of the northern lake states.

It requires abundant soil mois-ture and a humid atmosphere. In wetlands it grows in pure stands or in association with other tree species like black spruce, cedar, and tamarack.

On. Full text of "Southern Appalachian Spruce-Fir Ecosystem: Its Biology and Threats" See other formats. Rates of net photosynthesis and dark respiration, and distribution of 14C were determined for new (current season's) and old (previous season's) needles at 10 times during the seasonal development of young Pinus resinosa Ait.

trees. The seasonal changes in these factors associated with the development of the new shoot were related to known seasonal patterns of wood by:   While most people remember learning about photosynthesis during middle or high school, they don’t necessarily remember any of the specifics of the process, especially how it relates to trees.

The most important thing to know is that photosynthesis lets trees use the sun’s energy and convert it into the nutrients that they need1. This seemingly [ ]. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough grows best in northwestern Canada.

This article was most recently revised and updated by William L. Hosch, Associate Editor. Photosynthesis and respiration require the movement of water up from the roots to the leaves, which is impossible when the ground is frozen.

Furthermore, a tree that retains a large number of large leaves is at risk of damage from winter weather, from the weight of ice and snow buildup, and from wind damage, each leaf is a sail, and in high. The use of dendrochronology to detect spruce budworm outbreaks Group Leader: Cornelia Krause Mathieu Bouchard Mariano Morales Kathie Weathers Disturbances in the Boreal Forest major forest disturbances fire insect outbreaks other natural events: windthrows, floodings affect forest stand dynamics mortality change species composition Spruce Budworm feeds on recent needles, buds.

A comprehensive database of more than 21 tree quizzes online, test your knowledge with tree quiz questions. Our online tree trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top tree quizzes. CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Photosynthesis in sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.):V.

Radiation penetration theory and a test case. The Journal of Applied Ecology. The contact angle method was used to determine the wettability of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) and balsam fir [Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.] foliage in subalpine sites (– m above sea level) at three locations in northern New England, USA (Camels Hump in Vermont and Mt.

Moosilauke and Mt. Washington in New Hampshire).The dependence of contact angle (θ) on foliage age (t, in months Cited by: THE RESPONSE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION OF A GRASS AND A NATIVE SHRUB TO VARYING TEMPERATURE AND SOIL WATER CONTENT A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the.

Nutt. (subalpine fir) and Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm. (Engelmann spruce) was less at TS than at FS (19 and 29%, respectively). Minimum nighttime temperatures below 2 degrees C were more frequent at TS than at FS and were associated with reduced maximum photosynthesis the following by: terization of spruce trees growing in natural habitats and showing damage of varying intensity [].

Photosynthesis [14], th e water status [15], the nitro-gen assimilatio [16]n th, e content of chemical ele-ments [17], and light- and electron-microscopic struc-ture [18 19, ] were previousl examinedy Her.

e we.Cultural Practices, Fertilizing and Foliar Analysis of Balsam Fir Christmas Trees Paperback – Aug by Paul E. Bruns (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Author: Paul E. Bruns.

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